Meteņi (vastlapäev) ir svētki,  kuriem nav fiksēta datuma. Parasti tie ir 7 nedēļas pirms Lieldienām, t.i. februārī vai martā.

SENĀK

Senāk Igaunijā Meteņi bija saistīti ar izklaidi, jo tas bija pavasara gaidīšanas laiks un, saskaņā ar baznīcas kalendāru, nākamajā dienā pēc Meteņiem sākās gavēnis. Pa dienu tauta gāja vizināties no kalna, tas bija ļoti svarīgs rituāls, jo ļaudis ticēja  – jo tālāk no kalna nobrauks, jo garāki lini izaugs. Vakarā ļaudis gāja dancot. Agrāk no kalna brauca, sēžot uz linu maisiņa vai uz linu čupas, vēlāk sāka izmantot ragaviņas un kamanas. No cūkas mugurkaula izgatavoja bērnu rotaļlietu – vilciņu. Šajā dienā bija aizliegts kurt uguni un vērpt. Bija ieteicams griezt matus un tos bieži ķemmēt.

Meteņi bija arī sieviešu svētki; šajā dienā sievietes gāja uz krogu dzert linu garumu. Parasti dzēra no pudeles, lai lini būtu garāki. Tradicionālie ēdieni bija pupu vai zirņu zupa un cūku kājas.

MŪSDIENĀS

Mūsdienās ļaudis vizinās no kalna ar ragaviņām vai paliktni. Ja to nav, tad ļoti labi der arī parasts iepirkumu maisiņš. Tiek gan runāts par linu garumu, bet linus mūsdienas Igaunijā vairs neaudzē. Vilciņu taisa no lielas pogas. Cilvēki ir iecienījuši Meteņu rausi – maizīte ar ievārījuma pildījumu, kas pārklāta ar putukrējumu. Daudzās ģimenēs joprojām ir iecienīta zirņu zupa.

 

VĀRDI

KLAUSIES UN IZRUNĀ

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baznīca kirik

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cūkas kāja seajalg

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dancot tantsima

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gavēnis paast

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krogs kõrts

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ķemme kamm

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lini* lina

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maisiņš kilekott

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mati* juuksed

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Meteņi vastlad

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Meteņu diena vastlapäev

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Meteņu rausis vastlakukkel

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poga nööp

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paliktnis liulaud

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ragavas* kelk

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ragaviņas* kelk (deminutiiv)

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uguns tuli

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vērpt ketrama

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vilciņš vurr

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vizināties ar ragaviņām kelgutama

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vizināties no kalna liugu laskma

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zirņu zupa oas

* mitmus

 

Harjutus 1

Harjutus 2