Lieldienas (lihavõtted) netiek svinētas fiksētā datumā, bet gan 7 nedēļas pēc Meteņiem. Tas ir arī laiks, kad beidzas 40 dienu gavēnis.

 

SENĀK

Uz Lieldienu laiku lauku mājās sāka jau laicīgi sagadāt olas. Senāk olas  upurēja uz lauka, lai būtu labāka labība.

Sievietes un jaunas meitenes otrajos svētkos negāja ārā. Puiši staigāja apkārt un vāca olas, ko dāvināja viņām kā uzmanības apliecinājumu. Goda lieta bija savākt pēc iespējas vairāk olu.

Sākās šūpošanās laiks. Katrā ciemā bija lielas šūpoles, pie kurām jaunieši satikās. Pie šūpolēm dziedāja, dejoja un mērojās spēkiem. Kad puiši uzcēla šūpoles, viņiem kā samaksu atnesa sīpolu mizās, ar bērza lapām un madarām, krāsotas olas.

Olu kaujas jau ir sena tradīcija, kurai ir savi zināmie slepenie paņēmieni. Sita ar spicāko galu. Ola bija stiprāka, ja to plaukstā turēja pareizi. Tas, kura ola saplīsa, bija zaudētājs un atdeva savu olu uzvārētājam.

Tradicionālie ēdieni bija un joprojām ir arī mūsdienās: krāsotas olas un olu sviests; biezpiens; teļa cepetis, pasha.Pascha jeb Pasha ir ēdiens, kas gatavots no saldā biezpiena.

MŪSDIENĀS

Arī mūsdienās populāra ir olu krāsošana, dāvināšana, sišana un ēšana. Istabā ienes pūpolu zarus, audzē Lieldienu zāli, uz kuras uzliek olas. Veikalā var nopirkt šokolādes olas, kuras var izmantot kā rotājumus, dāvināt un pēc svētkiem arī apēst.
 
VĀRDI

KLAUSIES un IZRUNĀ

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bērza lapas kaselehed

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goda lieta auasi

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labība vili

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lauku zeme põllumuld

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Lieldienas* lihavõtted

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Lieldienu zāle lihavõttemuru

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madara madar

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mēroties spēkiem jõudu katsuma

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olu kaujas munakoksimine

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olu svētki munapühad

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pūpoli* pajutibu = urb

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rotājums kaunistus

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satikties kokku saama

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slepenais paņēmiens salanipp

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sīpolu miza sibulakoor

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šūpoles* kiik

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šūpoties kiikuma

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upurēt ohverdama

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uzmanība tähelepanu

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vākt varuma

* mitmus

 

Harjutus 3

Harjutus 4