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TOMAS: 

Laura, sakei, kad per Užgavėnes jau laukiate pavasario. O kokias tradicines šventes švenčiate pavasarį?
 

 

LAURA: 

Estijoje, kaip ir daugelyje šalių, švenčiame Velykas. Estiškai jos vadinamos  lihavõtted arba munapühad. Velykos taip pat yra kilnojama šventė. Ji švenčiama praėjus septynioms savaitėms po Užgavėnių, pirmąjį mėnulio pilnaties sekmadienį po pavasario lygiadienio. Velykos žymi Gavėnios arba pasninko pabaigą. Estams Velykos yra ne tik religinė šventė, bet taip pat ir pavasario atėjimo šventė. Ateina šiltesnis ir šviesesnis metas.

 


      

 

 

 

 

 

 

PAKLAUSYK, IŠTARK IR ĮSIMINK

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dažyti, dažo, dažė värvima

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kačiukai (pl.) pajutibud, urvad

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marginti, margina, margino mune värvima

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margutis värvitud muna

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sūpynės (pl.) kiik

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suptis, supasi, suposi kiikuma

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sūpuotis, sūpuojasi, sūpavosi kiikuma

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Velykos (pl.) lihavõtted, munapühad

 

PAKLAUSYK IR IŠTARK

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atsargos (pl.) varud

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aukoti, aukoja, aukojo (+ acc.) ohverdama

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beržas kask

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gudrybė salanipp

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išbandyti, išbando, išbandė (+ acc.) katsuma

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javai (pl.) vili

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karklas paju

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kaupti, kaupia, kaupė (+ acc.) varuma

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kiaušiniauti, kiaušiniauja, kiaušiniavo mune korjama

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kiaušinių mušimas munakoksimine

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laukas põld

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lipikas madar

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lukštas (sibula või muna) koor

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lygiadienis pööripäev

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margučių daužynės munakoksimine

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mušti, muša, mušo (+ acc.) koksima

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pralaimėti, pralaimi, pralaimėjo (+ acc.) kaotama

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rinkti, renka, rinko korjama

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statyti, stato, statė ehitama, püsti panema

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sudužti, sudūžta, sudužo katki minema

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užkasti, užkasa, užkasė (+ acc.) sisse kaevama


PERSKAITYK IR PAKLAUSYK
ANKSČIAU

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Kaime žmonės jau iš anksto kaupdavo kiaušinių atsargas Velykoms. Kiaušinius taip pat aukodavo – užkasdavo laukuose į žemę, kad javai geriau derėtų. Antrąją Velykų dieną moterys ir merginos niekur neidavo, būdavo namuose. O vaikinai kiaušiniaudavo - eidavo iš namų į namus ir prašydavo margučių – dažytų kiaušinių. Merginos mėgdavo gražiausią margutį dovanoti labiausiai patinkančiam vaikinui. Kiekvienas kiaušiniautojas stengdavosi prisirinkti kuo daugiau margučių.

Nuo Velykų prasidėdavo sūpavimosi metas. Kaimuose būdavo didelės kaimo sūpynės. Prie jų susirinkdavo jaunimas. Ant sūpynių kalno jaunimas dainuodavo, šokdavo, išbandydavo jėgas. Sūpynes statydavo jauni vyrai. Už darbą jie gaudavo svogūnų lukštais, beržo lapais arba lipikais margintų kiaušinių.

Margučių daužynės (kiaušinių mušimas) – sena linksmybė. Mušti margučius reikėdavo mokėti, reikėdavo žinoti bent po keletą margučių mušimo gudrybių. Paprastai mušdavo smailiuoju kiaušinio galu. Kiaušinis būdavo stipresnis, jei jį laikydavo delne teisingai. Kieno kiaušinis suduždavo, tas pralaimėdavo ir atiduodavo savo kiaušinį laimėtojui. 

Tradiciniai Velykų patiekalai: margučiai (marginti, dažyti kiaušiniai), kiaušinių sviestas, pascha ir veršienos kepsnys.

DABAR

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Iki dabar yra išlikusi tradicija kiaušinius dažyti, dovanoti ir valgyti. Prieš Velykas į namus parnešama karklo šakelių su kačiukais (žiedų pumpurais). Auginama Velykų žolytė, ant kurios sudedami margučiai. Parduotuvėje pirkti šokoladiniai kiaušiniai naudojami kaip papuošalas arba dovana. Vėliau šie kiaušiniai suvalgomi.

Kiaušinių mušimas

 

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TOMAS:    Laura, ar pamokysi mane dažyti kiaušinius su džiovintais beržų lapais?
LAURA:    Žinoma! Ateik į svečius. Iškepsiu skanų varškės pyragą.

 

UŽDUOTYS

1. Užduotis

2. Užduotis

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