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TOMAS: 

Laura, kodėl šiandien mieste tiek daug vaikų su rogutėmis?
 

 

LAURA: 

Šiandien juk Užgavėnės!

 

TOMAS:

Teisingai! Visai pamiršau... Užgavėnės visada būna skirtingu metu.

 

LAURA:

Taip, Užgavėnės yra kilnojama šventė. Ji švenčiama vasario arba kovo mėnesį, visada antradienį, likus 7 savaitėms iki Velykų. Tiksli Užgavėnių data priklauso nuo to, kada bus Velykos.


 


     

 

 

                      

 

 

 

PAKLAUSYK, IŠTARK IR ĮSIMINK

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čiuožinėti, čiuožinėja, čiuožinėjo kelgutama

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čiuožti, čiuožia, čiuožė liugu laskma

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gavėnia paastuaeg

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pasninkas paast

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rogės (pl.) regi, saan

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rogutės (pl.) kelk

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sukutis vurr

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Užgavėnės (pl.) vastlad

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Užgavėnių bandelė vastlakukkel

 

PAKLAUSYK IR IŠTARK

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apdirbimas töötlemine

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auginti, augina, augino kasvatama

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čiuožynė liulaud

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derėti, dera, derėjo head saaki andma

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kalva küngas

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kaulas luu, kont

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kirpti, kerpa, kirpo (+ Acc.) lõikama

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kurti, kuria, kūrė (+ Acc.) läitma; looma

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linai (pl.) lina

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patarti, pataria, patarė  (+ Dat.) nõu andma

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plakta grietinėlė vahukoor

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pramoga meelelahutus

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saga nööp

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sauja pihk; peotäis

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sieti, sieja, siejo (+ Acc.; Inst.) siduma

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smuklė kõrts

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sukučio traukimas vurritõmbamine

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šukuoti, šukuoja, šukavo (+ Acc.) kammima

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varžybos võistlus

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verpti, verpia, verpė ketrama


PERSKAITYK IR PAKLAUSYK
ANKSČIAU

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Seniau Užgavėnės buvo siejamos su pramogomis, nes žmonės laukdavo pavasario. Pagal bažnytinį kalendorių kitą dieną po Užgavėnių prasidėdavo Gavėnia – septynių savaičių pasninkas. Užgavėnių dieną žmonės čiuožinėdavo (dažniausiai nuo kalvų ir kalnelių), o vakare šokdavo. Žmonės tikėjo, kad kuo toliau nučiuoš, tuo aukštesni linai užaugs. Čiuožinėdavo ant lininio maišo arba ant saujos linų, vėliau čiuožinėdavo su rogėmis ir rogutėmis.

Iš kiaulės kojos kaulo darydavo sukutį, vykdavo sukučio traukimo varžybos. Užgavėnių dieną buvo draudžiama kurti ugnį ir verpti. Bet buvo patariama kirpti plaukus ir kuo daugiau šukuotis.

Užgavėnės buvo labiau moterų šventė. Moterys eidavo į smuklę „linų užgerti“. Gerdavo dažniausiai tiesiai iš butelio, kad linai geriau derėtų. Tradiciniai Užgavėnių patiekalai buvo pupų arba žirnių sriuba ir virtos kiaulės kojos.

DABAR

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Dabar žmonės čiuožinėja su rogutėmis ir čiuožynėmis. Kas neturi nei rogučių, nei čiuožynės,  tas čiuožinėja ant plastikinio maišelio. Žmonės vis dar prisimena linų  „ilginimo“ tradiciją, bet šiandien linų auginama labai mažai. Linų apdirbimo tradicijos Estijoje nebėra. Suaugusieji sukutį vaikams daro iš didelės sagos, ne iš kaulo. Žmonės dabar valgo Užgavėnių bandeles su plakta grietinėle. Daug kas valgo tradicinę žirnių ir pupų sriubą, virtas kiaulės kojas.

UŽDUOTYS

1. Užduotis

2. Užduotis

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