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- Vastlate ajal ootasite juba kevadet. Kas kevadel on ka mingi tähtpäev, mida tähistatakse? 

- Nagu paljudes maades tähistatakse ka Eestis lihavõttepühi ehk munapühi.  Lihavõtted on liikuv püha, seitse nädalat pärast vastlapäeva ja märgib suure paastu lõppu. Eestlaste jaoks pole munapühad ainult religioosne tähtpäev, vaid pigem kevade tervitus. Ees on soojem ja valgem aeg.

 

KUULA JA HÄÄLDA

SÕNAD

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Jõudu katsuma, jõudu katsuda, katsun jõudu measure oneself strenght

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Kaseleht, kaselehe, kaselehte birch leave

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Kiikumine, kiikumise, kiikumist swinging

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Lihavõtted, lihavõtete, lihavõtteid easter

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Lihavõttemuru, lihavõttemuru, lihavõttemuru easter grass, lawn

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Madar, madara, madarat bedstraw

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Munakoksimine, munakoksimise, munakoksimist egg cracking

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Munapühad, munapühade, munapühi easter

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Ohvriand, ohvrianni, ohvriandi sacrifice, offering

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Pajutibu, pajutibu, pajutibu = urb, urva, urba (willow) catkin

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Põllumuld, põllumulla, põllumulda soil of the field

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Salanipp, salanipi, salanippi trick

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Sibulakoor, sibulakoore, sibulakoort onion peel

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Varuma, varuda, varun save, lay aside

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Vili, vilja, vilja corn

 

LOE ja KUULA

ENNE/BEFORE
Taludes hakati selleks ajaks  aegsasti mune varuma. Muna on kasutatud ka ohvriannina põllumulda panemiseks, et kasvaks hea vili. Naised ja neiud ei läinud teisel pühal välja. Noormehed käisid ringi ja korjasid mune, mida anti neile tähelepanu avaldusena. Noormeestele oli auasi palju mune saada.

Algas kiikumise aeg. Külades olid  suured kiiged, mille juurde noored kokku tulid. Kiigemäel lauldi, tantsiti, katsuti jõudu. Noored mehed ehitasid kiige, neile toodi tasuks sibulakoortega, kaselehtedega, madaraga värvitud mune.

Munakoksimine on vana lõbustus, mille juures olid mõned salanipid. Koksiti terava otsaga. Muna oli tugevam õige peoshoidmise korral. Kelle muna katki läks, see oli kaotaja ja loovutas oma muna teisele.

Traditsioonilised söögid olid (ja on tänapäevalgi):

- värvitud koorega munad ja munavõi,
- pasha ja kohupiim,
- vasikapraad.

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NÜÜD/NOWADAYS
Praegugi on populaarne munade värvimine, kinkimine, koksimine ja söömine. Tuppa tuuakse  pajutibudega oksi. Kasvatatakse lihavõttemuru, millele munad panna. Poest ostetud šokolaadimunad on kaunistamiseks, kinkimiseks ja pärast pühi ärasöömiseks.

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The information in English about the Easter you can find here:
http://eestikultuurist.ut.ee/rahvakalender/index.php/en/easter

 

Harjutus 1

Harjutus 2

Kuula ja täida lüngad.

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- Kas sa õpetaksid mind sibulakoortega mune värvima?

- Muidugi. Tule meile. Ema teeb kohupiimakooki ka.

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